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Female genital mutilation and pregnancy: Associated risks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Claudine Gayle, Janice Rymer

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)978-983
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Nursing
Issue number17
Early online date24 Sep 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Sep 2016

King's Authors


Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional practice that has no medical benefit and severe health consequences for girls and women. This article discusses the risks to patients who are pregnant and have had FGM. It will describe urinary tract infections caused by FGM, and how this condition increases the risk of preterm labour and delivery. It will also address the difficulty in vaginal examinations that can be caused by FGM and instances when this can delay diagnosis and treatment. In addition, it will explore a number of intrapartum risks caused by FGM and the role of deinfibulation in pregnancy. Finally, it will look at the link between maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, and FGM.

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