Filmed v. live social contact interventions to reduce stigma: randomised controlled trial

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Abstract

Background
Direct social contact interventions are known to reduce mental health stigma. Filmed social contact may be equally effective and have practical and cost advantages.

Aims
To compare the effectiveness of a DVD, a live intervention and a lecture control, in reducing stigma, testing the hypotheses that: (a) DVD and live interventions will be equally effective; and (b) the interventions with social contact (DVD/live) will be more effective than the lecture. Cost-effectiveness, process and acceptability are also assessed.

Method
Student nurses were randomised to: (a) watch a DVD of service users/informal carers talking about their experiences, (b) watch a similar live presentation, or (c) attend a lecture. Primary outcomes were changes in attitudes (using the Mental Illness: Clinicians Attitudes Scale, MICA), emotional reactions (using the Emotional Reactions to Mental Illness Scale, ERMIS), intended proximity (using the Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale, RIBS), and knowledge (using the Social Contact Intended Learning Outcomes, SCILO), immediately after the intervention and at 4-month follow-up.

Results
For the 216 participants, there were no differences between the DVD and live groups on MICA, ERMIS or RIBS scores. The DVD group had higher SCILO (knowledge) scores. The combined social contact group (DVD/live) had better MICA and RIBS scores than the lecture group, the latter difference maintained at 4 months. The DVD was the most cost-effective of the interventions, and the live session the most popular.

Conclusions
Our hypotheses were confirmed. This study supports the wider use of filmed social contact interventions to reduce stigma about mental illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume201
Issue number1
Early online date8 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Young Adult
  • Videodisc Recording
  • Stereotyping
  • Educational Status
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Attitude to Health
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Pilot Projects
  • Narration
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Mental Disorders
  • Adult
  • Education, Nursing
  • Psychiatric Nursing
  • Female
  • Male

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