In this paper we derive Ward-Takahashi identities from the path integral of supersymmetric five-dimensional field theories with an SU(1, 3) spacetime symmetry in the presence of instantons. We explicitly show how SU(1, 3) is enhanced to SU(1, 3) × U(1) where the additional U(1) acts non-perturbatively. Solutions to such Ward-Takahashi identities were previously obtained from correlators of six-dimensional Lorentzian conformal field theories but where the instanton number was replaced by the momentum along a null direction. Here we study the reverse procedure whereby we construct correlation functions out of towers of five-dimensional operators which satisfy the Ward-Takahashi identities of a six-dimensional conformal field theory. This paves the way to computing observables in six dimensions using five-dimensional path integral techniques. We also argue that, once the instanton sector is included into the path integral, the coupling of the five-dimensional Lagrangian must be quantised, leaving no free continuous parameters.
- Conformal Field Theory
- Nonperturbative Effects