Five-year retrospective study on success, survival and incidence of complications of single crowns supported by dental implants

Valerie H. S. Tey, Rachel Phillips, Ken Tan

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective

To determine the survival and the incidence of biologic and technical complications of implant-supported single crowns after 5 years of function.
Material and methods

Patients treated with dental implants at the National Dental Centre, Singapore, from 2006 to 2010 were recruited from the Implant Registry and evaluated by two clinicians. One hundred and ninety-four patients, with 266 implant single crowns (SCs), were examined clinically for biologic and technical parameters. Digital radiographs were also obtained. Failure and complication rates were calculated based on the person-time at risk.
Results

The mean biologic time in function was 5.9 ± 1.3 years. None of the implants had been lost, resulting in a 5-year survival of 100%. The corresponding success (complication-free) rate was 92.9% (95% CI: 89.2, 95.4). The mean prosthetic time in function was 5.2 ± 1.5 years, with a 5-year survival of implant-supported SCs of 98.2% (95% CI: 95.8, 99.3). The corresponding success rate was 88.9% (95% CI: 84.8, 92.0). The 5-year incidence of biologic complications, defined as PPD ≥6 mm with bleeding on probing/suppuration, in the presence of ≥2.5 mm of radiographic bone loss, was 7.1% (95% CI: 4.6, 10.9). The 5-year incidence of technical complications was 6.5% (95% CI: 3.9, 10.7) for fracture of the veneering material, 4.3% (95% CI: 2.4, 7.7) for loss of retention, 2.1% (95% CI: 1.0, 4.7) for abutment screw loosening and 0.4% (95% CI: 0.1, 2.5) for abutment fracture.
Conclusions

High survival rates (98.4%) for both the single tooth implants and the respective single crowns were demonstrated after 5.2 ± 1.5 years. However, the success rates were considerably lower (84.9%), indicating that biologic and technical complications were frequent.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH
Early online date22 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • implant complications, implant dentistry, implant survival, outcomes, prosthetics, retrospective study, single crowns

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