Five years of carbon dioxide fluxes measurements in a highly vegetated suburban area

Ben Crawford, C. S. B. Grimmond, Andreas Christen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


Suburban areas continue to grow rapidly and are potentially an important land-use category for anthropogenic carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions. Here eddy covariance techniques are used to obtain ecosystem-scale measurements of CO2 fluxes (F-C) from a suburban area of Baltimore, Maryland, USA (2002-2006). These are among the first multi-year measurements of F-C in a suburban area. The study area is characterized by low population density (1500 inhabitants km(-2)) and abundant vegetation (67.4% vegetation land-cover). F-C is correlated with photosynthetic active radiation (PAR), soil temperature, and wind direction. Missing hourly F-C is gap-filled using empirical relations between F-C, PAR, and soil temperature. Diurnal patterns show net CO2 emissions to the atmosphere during winter and net CO2 uptake by the surface during summer daytime hours (summer daily total is -1.25 gC m(-2) d(-1)). Despite the large amount of vegetation the suburban area is a net CO2 source of 361 gC m(-2)y(-1) on average. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896 - 905
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


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