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Flexible Fatherlands: "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Flexible Fatherlands : "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I. / Bjork, James.

In: CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY, Vol. 53, No. 1, 03.2020, p. 71-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Bjork, J 2020, 'Flexible Fatherlands: "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I', CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 71-93. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008938919000979

APA

Bjork, J. (2020). Flexible Fatherlands: "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I. CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY, 53(1), 71-93. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008938919000979

Vancouver

Bjork J. Flexible Fatherlands: "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I. CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY. 2020 Mar;53(1):71-93. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008938919000979

Author

Bjork, James. / Flexible Fatherlands : "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I. In: CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY. 2020 ; Vol. 53, No. 1. pp. 71-93.

Bibtex Download

@article{0fe6138683564ed1ac593d3ab65463bd,
title = "Flexible Fatherlands: {"}Patriotism{"} among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I",
abstract = "This article examines the experiences of Polish-speaking subjects of the German Empire during World War I. Fighting for wartime empires tended to be retrospectively defined as involuntary service to a “foreign” cause. But the author of this article argues that it was very difficult to distinguish ostensibly passive “compliance” from ostensibly active “patriotism.” The apparent tensions between a German imperial agenda and Polish nationalism also proved to be highly navigable in practice, with German war aims often seen as not only reconcilable with but even conducive to the Polish national cause. Drawing on a recent wave of relevant historiography in English, German, and Polish, and incorporating further analysis of individual testimonies, the article explores the various ways in which “non-German” contributors to the German war effort tried to make sense of their awkward wartime biographies.",
keywords = "nationalism, Modern Germany, World War One, Modern Poland, Kaiserreich",
author = "James Bjork",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
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language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "71--93",
journal = "CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY",
issn = "0008-9389",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Flexible Fatherlands

T2 - "Patriotism" among Polish-speaking German Citizens during World War I

AU - Bjork, James

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - This article examines the experiences of Polish-speaking subjects of the German Empire during World War I. Fighting for wartime empires tended to be retrospectively defined as involuntary service to a “foreign” cause. But the author of this article argues that it was very difficult to distinguish ostensibly passive “compliance” from ostensibly active “patriotism.” The apparent tensions between a German imperial agenda and Polish nationalism also proved to be highly navigable in practice, with German war aims often seen as not only reconcilable with but even conducive to the Polish national cause. Drawing on a recent wave of relevant historiography in English, German, and Polish, and incorporating further analysis of individual testimonies, the article explores the various ways in which “non-German” contributors to the German war effort tried to make sense of their awkward wartime biographies.

AB - This article examines the experiences of Polish-speaking subjects of the German Empire during World War I. Fighting for wartime empires tended to be retrospectively defined as involuntary service to a “foreign” cause. But the author of this article argues that it was very difficult to distinguish ostensibly passive “compliance” from ostensibly active “patriotism.” The apparent tensions between a German imperial agenda and Polish nationalism also proved to be highly navigable in practice, with German war aims often seen as not only reconcilable with but even conducive to the Polish national cause. Drawing on a recent wave of relevant historiography in English, German, and Polish, and incorporating further analysis of individual testimonies, the article explores the various ways in which “non-German” contributors to the German war effort tried to make sense of their awkward wartime biographies.

KW - nationalism

KW - Modern Germany

KW - World War One

KW - Modern Poland

KW - Kaiserreich

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U2 - 10.1017/S0008938919000979

DO - 10.1017/S0008938919000979

M3 - Article

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JO - CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY

JF - CENTRAL EUROPEAN HISTORY

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