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Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’

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Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’. / Roberts, Patrick; Stewart, Mathew; Alagaili, Abdulaziz N.; Breeze, Paul; Candy, Ian; Drake, Nick; Groucutt, Huw S.; Scerri, Eleanor M.L.; Lee-Thorp, Julia; Louys, Julien; Zalmout, Iyad S.; Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A.; Zech, Jana; Alsharekh, Abdullah M.; al Omari, Abdulaziz; Boivin, Nicole; Petraglia, Michael.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 2, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 1871-1878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Roberts, P, Stewart, M, Alagaili, AN, Breeze, P, Candy, I, Drake, N, Groucutt, HS, Scerri, EML, Lee-Thorp, J, Louys, J, Zalmout, IS, Al-Mufarreh, YSA, Zech, J, Alsharekh, AM, al Omari, A, Boivin, N & Petraglia, M 2018, 'Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’', Nature Ecology and Evolution, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1871-1878. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9

APA

Roberts, P., Stewart, M., Alagaili, A. N., Breeze, P., Candy, I., Drake, N., Groucutt, H. S., Scerri, E. M. L., Lee-Thorp, J., Louys, J., Zalmout, I. S., Al-Mufarreh, Y. S. A., Zech, J., Alsharekh, A. M., al Omari, A., Boivin, N., & Petraglia, M. (2018). Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2(12), 1871-1878. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9

Vancouver

Roberts P, Stewart M, Alagaili AN, Breeze P, Candy I, Drake N et al. Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2018 Dec 1;2(12):1871-1878. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9

Author

Roberts, Patrick ; Stewart, Mathew ; Alagaili, Abdulaziz N. ; Breeze, Paul ; Candy, Ian ; Drake, Nick ; Groucutt, Huw S. ; Scerri, Eleanor M.L. ; Lee-Thorp, Julia ; Louys, Julien ; Zalmout, Iyad S. ; Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A. ; Zech, Jana ; Alsharekh, Abdullah M. ; al Omari, Abdulaziz ; Boivin, Nicole ; Petraglia, Michael. / Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2018 ; Vol. 2, No. 12. pp. 1871-1878.

Bibtex Download

@article{d259c733d9a7462ca83349dc58ecbe21,
title = "Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in {\textquoteleft}Green Arabia{\textquoteright}",
abstract = "Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. However, there remain few direct insights into Pleistocene environments, and associated hominin adaptations, that accompanied the movement of populations into this region. Here, we apply stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis to fossil mammal tooth enamel (n = 21) from the middle Pleistocene locality of Ti{\textquoteright}s al Ghadah in Saudi Arabia associated with newly discovered stone tools and probable cutmarks. The results demonstrate productive grasslands in the interior of the Arabian Peninsula ca. 300–500 ka, as well as aridity levels similar to those found in open savannah settings in eastern Africa today. The association between this palaeoenvironmental information and the earliest traces for hominin activity in this part of the world lead us to argue that middle Pleistocene hominin dispersals into the interior of the Arabian Peninsula required no major novel adaptation.",
author = "Patrick Roberts and Mathew Stewart and Alagaili, {Abdulaziz N.} and Paul Breeze and Ian Candy and Nick Drake and Groucutt, {Huw S.} and Scerri, {Eleanor M.L.} and Julia Lee-Thorp and Julien Louys and Zalmout, {Iyad S.} and Al-Mufarreh, {Yahya S.A.} and Jana Zech and Alsharekh, {Abdullah M.} and {al Omari}, Abdulaziz and Nicole Boivin and Michael Petraglia",
year = "2018",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "1871--1878",
journal = "Nature Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "12",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’

AU - Roberts, Patrick

AU - Stewart, Mathew

AU - Alagaili, Abdulaziz N.

AU - Breeze, Paul

AU - Candy, Ian

AU - Drake, Nick

AU - Groucutt, Huw S.

AU - Scerri, Eleanor M.L.

AU - Lee-Thorp, Julia

AU - Louys, Julien

AU - Zalmout, Iyad S.

AU - Al-Mufarreh, Yahya S.A.

AU - Zech, Jana

AU - Alsharekh, Abdullah M.

AU - al Omari, Abdulaziz

AU - Boivin, Nicole

AU - Petraglia, Michael

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. However, there remain few direct insights into Pleistocene environments, and associated hominin adaptations, that accompanied the movement of populations into this region. Here, we apply stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis to fossil mammal tooth enamel (n = 21) from the middle Pleistocene locality of Ti’s al Ghadah in Saudi Arabia associated with newly discovered stone tools and probable cutmarks. The results demonstrate productive grasslands in the interior of the Arabian Peninsula ca. 300–500 ka, as well as aridity levels similar to those found in open savannah settings in eastern Africa today. The association between this palaeoenvironmental information and the earliest traces for hominin activity in this part of the world lead us to argue that middle Pleistocene hominin dispersals into the interior of the Arabian Peninsula required no major novel adaptation.

AB - Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. However, there remain few direct insights into Pleistocene environments, and associated hominin adaptations, that accompanied the movement of populations into this region. Here, we apply stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis to fossil mammal tooth enamel (n = 21) from the middle Pleistocene locality of Ti’s al Ghadah in Saudi Arabia associated with newly discovered stone tools and probable cutmarks. The results demonstrate productive grasslands in the interior of the Arabian Peninsula ca. 300–500 ka, as well as aridity levels similar to those found in open savannah settings in eastern Africa today. The association between this palaeoenvironmental information and the earliest traces for hominin activity in this part of the world lead us to argue that middle Pleistocene hominin dispersals into the interior of the Arabian Peninsula required no major novel adaptation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055983620&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9

DO - 10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 30374171

AN - SCOPUS:85055983620

VL - 2

SP - 1871

EP - 1878

JO - Nature Ecology and Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

IS - 12

ER -

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