Free-breathing, Contrast Agent–free Whole-Heart MTC-BOOST Imaging: Single-Center Validation Study in Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Anastasia Fotaki*, Kuberan Pushparajah, Reza Hajhosseiny, Alina Schneider, Harith Alam, Joana Ferreira, Radhouene Neji, Karl P. Kunze, Alessandra Frigiola, René M. Botnar, Claudia Prieto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To assess the clinical performance of the three-dimensional, free-breathing, Magnetization Transfer Contrast Bright-and-black blOOd phase-SensiTive (MTC-BOOST) sequence in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, participants with ACHD undergoing cardiac MRI between July 2020 and March 2021 were scanned with the clinical T2-prepared balanced steady-state free precession sequence and proposed MTC-BOOST sequence. Four cardiologists scored their diagnostic confidence on a four-point Likert scale for sequential segmental analysis on images acquired with each sequence. Scan times and diagnostic confidence were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Coaxial vascular dimensions at three anatomic landmarks were measured, and agreement between the research sequence and the corresponding clinical sequence was assessed with Bland-Altman analysis. Results: The study included 120 participants (mean age, 33 years ± 13 [SD]; 65 men). The mean acquisition time of the MTC-BOOST sequence was significantly lower compared with that of the conventional clinical sequence (9 minutes ± 2 vs 14 minutes ± 5; P < .001). Diagnostic confidence was higher for the MTC-BOOST sequence compared with the clinical sequence (mean, 3.9 ± 0.3 vs 3.4 ± 0.7; P < .001). Narrow limits of agreement and mean bias less than 0.08 cm were found between the research and clinical vascular measurements. Conclusion: The MTC-BOOST sequence provided efficient, high-quality, and contrast agent–free three-dimensional whole-heart imaging in ACHD, with shorter, more predictable acquisition time and improved diagnostic confidence compared with the reference standard clinical sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere220146
JournalRadiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Cardiac
  • MR Angiography


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