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Frequent and Persistent PLCG1 Mutations in Sézary Cells Directly Enhance PLCγ1 Activity and Stimulate NFκB, AP-1, and NFAT Signaling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Varsha M. Patel, Charlotte E. Flanagan, Marta Martins, Christine L. Jones, Rosie M. Butler, Wesley J. Woollard, Farrah S. Bakr, Antoinette Yoxall, Nelema Begum, Matilda Katan, Sean J. Whittaker, Tracey J. Mitchell

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-389.e4
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Phospholipase C Gamma 1 (PLCG1) is frequently mutated in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). This study functionally interrogated nine PLCG1 mutations (p.R48W, p.S312L, p.D342N, p.S345F, p.S520F, p.R1158H, p.E1163K, p.D1165H, and the in-frame indel p.VYEEDM1161V) identified in Sézary Syndrome, the leukemic variant of CTCL. The mutations were demonstrated in diagnostic samples and persisted in multiple tumor compartments over time, except in patients who achieved a complete clinical remission. In basal conditions, the majority of the mutations confer PLCγ1 gain-of-function activity through increased inositol phosphate production and the downstream activation of NFκB, AP-1, and NFAT transcriptional activity. Phosphorylation of the p.Y783 residue is essential for the proximal activity of wild-type PLCγ1, but we provide evidence that activating mutations do not require p.Y783 phosphorylation to stimulate downstream NFκB, NFAT, and AP-1 transcriptional activity. Finally, the gain-of-function effects associated with the p.VYEEDM1161V indel suggest that the C2 domain may have a role in regulating PLCγ1 activity. These data provide compelling evidence to support the development of therapeutic strategies targeting mutant PLCγ1.

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