From Conscription to Volunteers: Budget Shares in NATO Defence Spending

Vincenzo Bove, Elisa Cavatorta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


A growing number of NATO countries suspended compulsory military service during the past decade or are now phasing it out, moving to an All Volunteer Force (AVF). An AVF can free resources available for investment in up‐to‐date equipments, thus improving operational capabilities. Our paper investigates shifts in NATO military expenditure shares on personnel, equipment, infrastructure and other costs over the period 1970–2008 and explores the impact of the transition to AVFs on these shares of the defence budget. Results suggest that while the end of conscription did not reduce the share of spending on personnel, NATO forces are increasingly less reliant on soldiers and more on capital.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)273-288
Number of pages16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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