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From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing: The political economy of climate change in Kiribati

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From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing : The political economy of climate change in Kiribati. / Mallin, Marc–Andrej Felix.

In: MARINE POLICY, 23.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Mallin, MAF 2018, 'From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing: The political economy of climate change in Kiribati', MARINE POLICY. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021

APA

Mallin, MA. F. (2018). From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing: The political economy of climate change in Kiribati. MARINE POLICY. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021

Vancouver

Mallin MAF. From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing: The political economy of climate change in Kiribati. MARINE POLICY. 2018 Apr 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021

Author

Mallin, Marc–Andrej Felix. / From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing : The political economy of climate change in Kiribati. In: MARINE POLICY. 2018.

Bibtex Download

@article{588b968f334a40828be5dd1e60ac80ad,
title = "From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing: The political economy of climate change in Kiribati",
abstract = "This paper presents a critical political economy perspective on recent and ongoing developments in the Pacific atoll country of Kiribati, where the issue of rising sea levels has become an incrementally politicised concern. Semi-structured interviews (n = 30) with decision-makers, policy advisors, scholars, and community elders were conducted in multiple sites to scrutinise the politics that frame the country's environmental predicament. Findings indicate that: (1) irrespective of considerable scientific uncertainties and data inconsistencies, previous governments have fervently abided by a {\textquoteleft}sinking nation paradigm{\textquoteright}, unreasonably constraining political visions of the nation's future; (2) consequentially, {\textquoteleft}adaptation{\textquoteright} has become a metaphor for economic development conceptions, which are tied to mounting budgetary requirements; (3) climate aid is sought for adaptation initiatives irrespective of the needs and desires of island communities; (4) incentives to develop a blue-green economy have facilitated the emergence of highly problematic deep-sea mineral (DSM) initiatives, which this study regards as precursors to seabed grabbing. The paper, therefore, posits that marine policy makers in Kiribati – and other small-island developing states (SIDS) – need to be more vigilant to wider political economic agendas when considering options for ocean and coastal governance. Researchers and practitioners have an important role to play in this regard by privileging preferences and perceptions from coastal communities, to ensure well-informed policy decisions in times of ecological uncertainty.",
keywords = "Climate change, Sea-level rise, Blue economy, Pacific island countries, Ocean grabbing, Deep-sea mining",
author = "Mallin, {Marc–Andrej Felix}",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "23",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021",
language = "English",
journal = "MARINE POLICY",
issn = "0308-597X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - From sea-level rise to seabed grabbing

T2 - The political economy of climate change in Kiribati

AU - Mallin, Marc–Andrej Felix

PY - 2018/4/23

Y1 - 2018/4/23

N2 - This paper presents a critical political economy perspective on recent and ongoing developments in the Pacific atoll country of Kiribati, where the issue of rising sea levels has become an incrementally politicised concern. Semi-structured interviews (n = 30) with decision-makers, policy advisors, scholars, and community elders were conducted in multiple sites to scrutinise the politics that frame the country's environmental predicament. Findings indicate that: (1) irrespective of considerable scientific uncertainties and data inconsistencies, previous governments have fervently abided by a ‘sinking nation paradigm’, unreasonably constraining political visions of the nation's future; (2) consequentially, ‘adaptation’ has become a metaphor for economic development conceptions, which are tied to mounting budgetary requirements; (3) climate aid is sought for adaptation initiatives irrespective of the needs and desires of island communities; (4) incentives to develop a blue-green economy have facilitated the emergence of highly problematic deep-sea mineral (DSM) initiatives, which this study regards as precursors to seabed grabbing. The paper, therefore, posits that marine policy makers in Kiribati – and other small-island developing states (SIDS) – need to be more vigilant to wider political economic agendas when considering options for ocean and coastal governance. Researchers and practitioners have an important role to play in this regard by privileging preferences and perceptions from coastal communities, to ensure well-informed policy decisions in times of ecological uncertainty.

AB - This paper presents a critical political economy perspective on recent and ongoing developments in the Pacific atoll country of Kiribati, where the issue of rising sea levels has become an incrementally politicised concern. Semi-structured interviews (n = 30) with decision-makers, policy advisors, scholars, and community elders were conducted in multiple sites to scrutinise the politics that frame the country's environmental predicament. Findings indicate that: (1) irrespective of considerable scientific uncertainties and data inconsistencies, previous governments have fervently abided by a ‘sinking nation paradigm’, unreasonably constraining political visions of the nation's future; (2) consequentially, ‘adaptation’ has become a metaphor for economic development conceptions, which are tied to mounting budgetary requirements; (3) climate aid is sought for adaptation initiatives irrespective of the needs and desires of island communities; (4) incentives to develop a blue-green economy have facilitated the emergence of highly problematic deep-sea mineral (DSM) initiatives, which this study regards as precursors to seabed grabbing. The paper, therefore, posits that marine policy makers in Kiribati – and other small-island developing states (SIDS) – need to be more vigilant to wider political economic agendas when considering options for ocean and coastal governance. Researchers and practitioners have an important role to play in this regard by privileging preferences and perceptions from coastal communities, to ensure well-informed policy decisions in times of ecological uncertainty.

KW - Climate change

KW - Sea-level rise

KW - Blue economy

KW - Pacific island countries

KW - Ocean grabbing

KW - Deep-sea mining

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021

DO - 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.021

M3 - Article

JO - MARINE POLICY

JF - MARINE POLICY

SN - 0308-597X

ER -

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