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From the sands of the Ogaden to black hawk down: The end of the cold war in the horn of Africa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-89
Number of pages17
JournalCold War History
Issue number1
Published2 Jan 2018

King's Authors


From the Ogaden War to the Black Hawk Down incident, the Horn of Africa was a theatre of events with far-reaching international consequences. This paper argues that the distinctive process leading to the end of the bipolar conflict in the Horn is crucial to understanding the role of this region both during and after the Cold War. Through an extensive analysis of the period 1985-1991, this article explains why only a few years after the ‘burial’ of SALT II in the sands of the Ogaden, the superpowers withdrew from the region which had been the symbol of the failure of détente. Similarly, an analysis of the end of the Cold War is paramount to understanding why, after the break-up of the USSR, the Horn of Africa hosted one of the most tragic episodes of post-Cold War US foreign policy.

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