Functional Analysis of a Unique Troponin C Mutation, GLY159ASP, that Causes Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Studied in Explanted Heart Muscle

Emma C. Dyer, Adam M. Jacques, Anita C. Hoskins, Douglas G. Ward, Clare E. Gallon, Andrew E. Messer, Juan Pablo Kaski, Michael Burch, Jonathan C. Kentish, Steven B. Marston

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44 Citations (Scopus)


Background-Familial dilated cardiomyopathy can be caused by mutations in the proteins of the muscle thin filament. In vitro, these mutations decrease Ca2+ sensitivity and cross-bridge turnover rate, but the mutations have not been investigated in human tissue. We studied the Ca2+-regulatory properties of myocytes and troponin extracted from the explanted heart of a patient with inherited dilated cardiomyopathy due to the cTnC G159D mutation. Methods and Results-Mass spectroscopy showed that the mutant cTnC was expressed approximately equimolar with wild-type cTnC. Contraction was compared in skinned ventricular myocytes from the cTnC G159D patient and nonfailing donor heart. Maximal Ca2+-activated force was similar in cTnC G159D and donor myocytes, but the Ca2+ sensitivity of cTnC G159D myocytes was higher (EC50 G159D/donor=0.60). Thin filaments reconstituted with skeletal muscle actin and human cardiac tropomyosin and troponin were studied by in vitro motility assay. Thin filaments containing the mutation had a higher Ca2+ sensitivity (EC(50)G159D/donor=0.55 +/- 0.13), whereas the maximally activated sliding speed was unaltered. In addition, the cTnC G159D mutation blunted the change in Ca2+ sensitivity when TnI was dephosphorylated. With wild-type troponin, Ca2+ sensitivity was increased (EC50 P/unP=4.7 +/- 1.9) but not with cTnC G159D troponin (EC50 P/unP=1.2 +/- 0.1). Conclusions-We propose that uncoupling of the relationship between phosphorylation and Ca2+ sensitivity could be the cause of the dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype. The differences between these data and previous in vitro results show that native phosphorylation of troponin I and troponin T and other posttranslational modifications of sarcomeric proteins strongly influence the functional effects of a mutation. (Circ Heart Fail. 2009;2:456-464.)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-464
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation-Heart Failure
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009


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