Functional magnetic resonance imaging of odor identification: The effect of aging

Y Suzuki, H D Critchley, J Suckling, R Fukuda, S C R Williams, C Andrew, R Howard, E Ouldred, C Bryant, C G Swift, S H D Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Sense of smell declines with age and impairment in olfaction has been observed in some neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. Functional neuroimaging techniques enable researchers to observe brain regions activated by olfactory stimuli. Methods. We gave three mainly olfactory-mediated odors (limonene, methylsalicylate. and eugenol) to six young and six elderly subjects and observed the areas activated by using blood oxygen level dependent contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results. The group mapping of young subjects showed extensive activation in the orbitofrontal cortex, commonly believed to be the olfactory cortex. some limbic areas (the hippocampus and the thalamus), regions involved with gustatory sensation (the anterior insula and the inferior postcentral gyrus), superior and inferior temporal gyri, and cerebellum. In the elderly group, only the left inferior temporal gyros and the primary visual cortex reached accepted significance levels. Conclusions. We have therefore confirmed previous reports of brain regions involved in olfactory processing in young volunteers and demonstrated decreased activation in elderly volunteers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)M756 - M760
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series. A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume56
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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