Generation and Characterization of Native and Sialic Acid-Deficient IgE

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Abstract

Efficient characterization of IgE antibodies and their glycan structures is required for understanding their function in allergy and in the emerging AllergoOncology field for antibody immunotherapy. We report the generation, glyco-profiling and functional analysis of native and sialic acid-deficient glyco-engineered human IgE. The antibodies produced from human embryonic kidney cells were purified via a human IgE class-specific affinity matrix and structural integrity was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). Purified IgEs specific for the tumor-associated antigens Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan 4 (CSPG4-IgE) and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2-IgE) were devoid of by-products such as free light chains. Using neuraminidase-A, we generated sialic acid-deficient CSPG4-IgE as example glyco-engineered antibody. Comparative glycan analyses of native and glyco-engineered IgEs by Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) indicated loss of sialic acid terminal residues and differential glycan profiles. Native and glyco-engineered CSPG4-IgEs recognized Fc receptors on the surface of human FcεRI-expressing rat basophilic leukemia RBL-SX38 cells, and of CD23/FcεRII-expressing human RPMI-8866 B-lymphocytes and bound to CSPG4-expressing A2058 human melanoma cells, confirming Fab-mediated recognition. When cross-linked on the cell surface, both IgEs triggered RBL-SX38 degranulation. We demonstrate efficient generation and functional competence of recombinant native and sialic acid-deficient IgEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13455
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2022

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