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Genetic Advances in Autism

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Anita Thapar, Michael Rutter

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume51
Issue number12
Early online date17 Sep 2020
DOIs
Accepted/In press1 Jan 2020
E-pub ahead of print17 Sep 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Abstract: In the last 40 years, there has been a huge increase in autism genetics research and a rapidly growing number of discoveries. We now know autism is one of the most highly heritable disorders with negligible shared environmental contributions. Recent discoveries also show that rare variants of large effect size as well as small effect common gene variants all contribute to autism risk. These discoveries challenge traditional diagnostic boundaries and highlight huge heterogeneity in autism. In this review, we consider some of the key findings that are shaping current understanding of autism and what these discoveries mean for clinicians.

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