Genetic determinants of haemolysis in sickle cell anaemia

Jacqueline N. Milton, Helen Rooks, Emma Drasar, Elizabeth L. McCabe, Clinton T. Baldwin, Efi Melista, Victor R. Gordeuk, Mehdi Nouraie, Gregory R. Kato, Caterina Minniti, James Taylor, Andrew Campbell, Lori Luchtman-Jones, Sohail Rana, Oswaldo Castro, Yingze Zhang, Swee Lay Thein, Paola Sebastiani, Mark T. Gladwin, Martin H. Steinberg*Walk-PHAAST Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Haemolytic anaemia is variable among patients with sickle cell anaemia and can be estimated by reticulocyte count, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase and bilirubin levels. Using principal component analysis of these measurements we computed a haemolytic score that we used as a subphenotype in a genome-wide association study. We identified in one cohort and replicated in two additional cohorts the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism in NPRL3 (rs7203560; chr16p13 center dot 3) (P=6 center dot 04x1007). This association was validated by targeted genotyping in a fourth independent cohort. The HBA1/HBA2 regulatory elements, hypersensitive sites (HS)-33, HS-40 and HS-48 are located in introns of NPRL3. Rs7203560 was in perfect linkage disequilibrium (LD) with rs9926112 (r2=1) and in strong LD with rs7197554 (r2=0 center dot 75) and rs13336641 (r2=0 center dot 77); the latter is located between HS-33 and HS-40 sites and next to a CTCF binding site. The minor allele for rs7203560 was associated with the 3 center dot 7thalassaemia gene deletion. When adjusting for HbF and thalassaemia, the association of NPRL3 with the haemolytic score was significant (P=0 center dot 00375) and remained significant when examining only cases without gene deletion thalassaemia (P=0 center dot 02463). Perhaps by independently down-regulating expression of the HBA1/HBA2 genes, variants of the HBA1/HBA2 gene regulatory loci, tagged by rs7203560, reduce haemolysis in sickle cell anaemia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)270-278
    Number of pages9
    JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
    Volume161
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

    Keywords

    • haemolysis
    • sickle cell anaemia
    • haemolytic anaemia
    • genetic analysis
    • thalassaemia
    • REGULATORY ELEMENT HS-40
    • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
    • ALPHA-THALASSEMIA
    • GLOBIN GENE
    • FETAL-HEMOGLOBIN
    • HUMAN-DISEASE
    • NITRIC-OXIDE
    • POLYMORPHISM
    • POPULATION
    • MORTALITY

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