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Global image registration using a symmetric block-matching approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marc Modat, David M. Cash, Pankaj Daga, Gavin P. Winston, John S. Duncan, Sébastien Ourselin

Original languageEnglish
Article number024003
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Issue number2
Published1 Jul 2014

King's Authors


Most medical image registration algorithms suffer from a directionality bias that has been shown to largely impact subsequent analyses. Several approaches have been proposed in the literature to address this bias in the context of nonlinear registration, but little work has been done for global registration. We propose a symmetric approach based on a block-matching technique and least-trimmed square regression. The proposed method is suitable for multimodal registration and is robust to outliers in the input images. The symmetric framework is compared with the original asymmetric block-matching technique and is shown to outperform it in terms of accuracy and robustness. The methodology presented in this article has been made available to the community as part of the NiftyReg open-source package.

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