Governors and Governing Institutions: A Comparative Study of State-Business Relations in Russia's Regions

Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, Gregory Kisunko

    Research output: Working paper/PreprintWorking paper


    The paper uses the latest 2011 round of Business Environment
    and Enterprise Performance Survey for the Russian
    Federation—for the first time designed to be representative
    of Russian regions—to take a closer look at regional-level
    factors influencing the business environment in Russia and,
    more specifically, conditions that favor the emergence of
    symbiotic relations between regional authorities and
    regional businesses. Considering the argued significance
    of informal rules, norms and agreements for the regional
    level business environment in Russia the paper uses proxy
    variables such as tenure and origin of regional governors
    to identify how these rules are being institutionalized. The
    findings reveal that, at least in case of Russia, juxtaposing
    the state and business actors as separate and opposed to
    each other may overstate the distinction between these two
    groups of actors and understate the fact that many localities
    in Russia have witnessed the emergence of mutually
    beneficial state-business arrangements. Defining whether
    these arrangements are beneficial or harmful to regional
    development is beyond the scope of this exploratory paper.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationWashington, DC
    PublisherWorld Bank Group
    Number of pages44
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014

    Publication series

    NameWorld Bank Policy Research Working Paper
    PublisherThe World Bank Group


    • state-business relations
    • informal institutions
    • russia
    • political economy
    • subnational politics


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