Gradient Properties of Perturbative Multiscalar RG Flows to Six Loops

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The gradient property of the renormalisation group (RG) flow of multiscalar theories is examined perturbatively in d=4 and d=4−ε dimensions. Such theories undergo RG flows in the space of quartic couplings λI. Starting at five loops, the relevant vector field that determines the physical RG flow is not the beta function traditionally computed in a minimal subtraction scheme in dimensional regularisation, but a suitable modification of it, the B function. It is found that up to five loops the B vector field is gradient, i.e. BI=GIJ∂A/∂λJ with A a scalar and GIJ a rank-two symmetric tensor of the couplings. Up to five loops the beta function is also gradient, but it fails to be so at six loops. The conditions under which the B function (and hence the RG flow) is gradient at six loops are specified, but their verification rests on a separate six-loop computation that remains to be performed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138701
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters B
Issue number138701
Early online date9 May 2024
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


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