Grey matter volume loss in Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis and its relationship with serotonergic gene expression: A meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background: Neuroanatomical alterations underlying psychosis in Parkinson's Disease (PDP) remain unclear. We carried out a meta-analysis of MRI studies investigating the neural correlates of PDP and examined its relation with dopaminergic and serotonergic receptor gene expression. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science and Embase were searched for MRI studies (k studies = 10) of PDP compared to PD patients without psychosis (PDnP). Seed-based d Mapping with Permutation of Subject Images and multiple linear regression analyses was used to examine the relationship between pooled estimates of grey matter volume (GMV) loss in PDP and D1/D2 and 5-HT1a/5-HT2a receptor gene expression estimates from Allen Human Brain Atlas. Results: We observed lower grey matter volume in parietal-temporo-occipital regions (PDP n = 211, PDnP, n = 298). GMV loss in PDP was associated with local expression of 5-HT1a (b = 0.109, p = 0.012) and 5-HT2a receptors (b= −0.106, p = 0.002) but not dopaminergic receptors. Conclusion: Widespread GMV loss in the parieto-temporo-occipital regions may underlie PDP. Association between grey matter volume and local expression of serotonergic receptor genes may suggest a role for serotonergic receptors in PDP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105081
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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