Gut Symptoms during FODMAP Restriction and Symptom Response to Food Challenges during FODMAP Reintroduction: A Real-World Evaluation in 21,462 Participants Using a Mobile Application

Eirini Dimidi, Katerina Belogianni, Kevin Whelan, Miranda Lomer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: There is limited evidence regarding the use of low FODMAP diet apps. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an app intended to reduce symptoms in FODMAP restriction and symptoms and tolerance of high FODMAP food challenges during FODMAP reintroduction and personalisation. Methods: Data were collected from 21,462 users of a low FODMAP diet app. Self-reported gut symptoms during FODMAP restriction, reintroduction, and personalisation and dietary triggers were identified from symptom response data for FODMAP food challenges. Results: Compared with baseline, at the end of FODMAP restriction, participants (n = 20,553) reported significantly less overall symptoms (11,689 (57%) versus 9105 (44%)), abdominal pain (8196 (40%) versus 6822 (33%)), bloating (11,265 (55%) versus 9146 (44%)), flatulence (10,318 (50%) 8272 (40%)), and diarrhoea (6284 (31%) versus 4961 (24%)) and significantly more constipation (5448 (27%) versus 5923 (29%)) (p < 0.001 for all). During FODMAP reintroduction, participants (n = 2053) completed 8760 food challenges; the five most frequent challenges and n/N (%) of dietary triggers identified were wheat bread 474/1146 (41%), onion 359/918 (39%), garlic 245/699 (35%), milk 274/687 (40%), and wheat pasta 222/548 (41%). The most frequently reported symptoms during food challenges were overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating, and flatulence. Conclusions: In a real-world setting, a low FODMAP diet app can help users improve gut symptoms and detect dietary triggers for long-term self-management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2683
JournalNutrients
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2023

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