Haemodynamic considerations in the design of a skeletal muscle ventricle

A P Shortland, J C Jarvis, S Salmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Skeletal muscle ventricles (SMVs) configured to operate as diastolic counterpulsators show promise as cardiac assist devices. In four pigs, SMVs were connected to the aorta by a single-limbed conduit and activated during every third cardiac diastole. During the assisted beats, mean diastolic aortic pressure increased by 30.3 +/- 2.2%, peak diastolic aortic pressure increased by 38.5 +/- 2.7%, the endocardial viability ratio increased by 42.3 +/- 3.4%, and mean left anterior descending coronary artery flow increased by 61.6 +/- 4.5%. Although there are major advantages to making the connection to the aorta by a single-limb conduit, the lack of separation between inlet and outlet means that such devices must be designed carefully to avoid thrombogenesis under chronic conditions. Design rules were developed for this configuration, based on earlier in vitro studies. They addressed the problem of stasis by promoting the development of a propagating vortex that travels the length of the ventricle and ensured proper exchange of blood with the circulation by limiting the volume of the connecting conduit. An SMV compatible with these rules was connected in a pig. At elective termination 1 week later, activation of the SMV increased peak diastolic pressure by 20.1% and reduced left-ventricular stroke work in the post-assisted beat by 10.1%. The SMV was free from thrombus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529 - 535
Number of pages7
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2003


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