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Health visitor education for today's Britain: Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature

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Health visitor education for today's Britain : Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature. / Malone, Mary; Whittaker, Karen M.; Cowley, Sarah; Ezhova, Ivanka; Maben, Jill.

In: Nurse Education Today, Vol. 44, 01.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Malone, M, Whittaker, KM, Cowley, S, Ezhova, I & Maben, J 2016, 'Health visitor education for today's Britain: Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature' Nurse Education Today, vol. 44. DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007

APA

Malone, M., Whittaker, K. M., Cowley, S., Ezhova, I., & Maben, J. (2016). Health visitor education for today's Britain: Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature. DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007

Vancouver

Malone M, Whittaker KM, Cowley S, Ezhova I, Maben J. Health visitor education for today's Britain: Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature. Nurse Education Today. 2016 Sep 1;44. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007

Author

Malone, Mary ; Whittaker, Karen M. ; Cowley, Sarah ; Ezhova, Ivanka ; Maben, Jill. / Health visitor education for today's Britain : Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature. In: Nurse Education Today. 2016 ; Vol. 44.

Bibtex Download

@article{fc0fcd50a0b24af8a8095508efc0aa0b,
title = "Health visitor education for today's Britain: Messages from a narrative review of the health visitor literature",
abstract = "Objectives This paper draws on a narrative review of the literature, commissioned to support the Health Visitor Implementation Plan (DH, 2011a), and aimed at identifying messages about the knowledge, skills and abilities needed by health visitors to work within the current system of health care provision. Design The scoping study and narrative review used three complementary approaches: a broad search, a structured search and a seminal paper search to identify empirical papers from the health visitor literature for review. The key inclusion criteria were messages of relevance for practice. Data Sources 378 papers were reviewed. These included empirical papers from the United Kingdom (UK) from 2004 – February 2012, older research identified in the seminal paper search and international literature from 2000- January 2016. Review Methods The review papers were read by members of the multi-disciplinary research team which included health visitor academics, social scientists and a clinical psychologist managed the international literature. Thematic content analysis was used to identify main messages. These were tabulated and shared between researchers in order to compare emergent findings and to confirm dominant themes. Results The analysis identified an ‘orientation to practice’ based on salutogenesis (health creation), human valuing (person-centred care) and viewing the person in situation (human ecology) as the aspirational core of health visitors' work. This was realised through home visiting, needs assessment and relationship formation at different levels of service provision. A wide range of knowledge, skills and abilities were required, including knowledge of health as a process and skills in engagement, building trust and making professional judgments. These are currently difficult to impart within a 45 week health visitor programme and are facilitated through ad hoc post registration education and training. The international literature reported both similarities and differences between the working practices of health visitors in the UK and public health nurses worldwide. Challenges related to the education of each were identified. ConclusionsThe breadth and scope of knowledge, skills and abilities required by health visitors makes a review of current educational provision desirable. Three potential models for health visitor education are described.",
keywords = "Health visitor practice, Health visitor education, Narrative review, Knowledge, skills and abilities, Public health nurse, International",
author = "Mary Malone and Whittaker, {Karen M.} and Sarah Cowley and Ivanka Ezhova and Jill Maben",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
journal = "Nurse Education Today",
issn = "0260-6917",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health visitor education for today's Britain

T2 - Nurse Education Today

AU - Malone,Mary

AU - Whittaker,Karen M.

AU - Cowley,Sarah

AU - Ezhova,Ivanka

AU - Maben,Jill

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - Objectives This paper draws on a narrative review of the literature, commissioned to support the Health Visitor Implementation Plan (DH, 2011a), and aimed at identifying messages about the knowledge, skills and abilities needed by health visitors to work within the current system of health care provision. Design The scoping study and narrative review used three complementary approaches: a broad search, a structured search and a seminal paper search to identify empirical papers from the health visitor literature for review. The key inclusion criteria were messages of relevance for practice. Data Sources 378 papers were reviewed. These included empirical papers from the United Kingdom (UK) from 2004 – February 2012, older research identified in the seminal paper search and international literature from 2000- January 2016. Review Methods The review papers were read by members of the multi-disciplinary research team which included health visitor academics, social scientists and a clinical psychologist managed the international literature. Thematic content analysis was used to identify main messages. These were tabulated and shared between researchers in order to compare emergent findings and to confirm dominant themes. Results The analysis identified an ‘orientation to practice’ based on salutogenesis (health creation), human valuing (person-centred care) and viewing the person in situation (human ecology) as the aspirational core of health visitors' work. This was realised through home visiting, needs assessment and relationship formation at different levels of service provision. A wide range of knowledge, skills and abilities were required, including knowledge of health as a process and skills in engagement, building trust and making professional judgments. These are currently difficult to impart within a 45 week health visitor programme and are facilitated through ad hoc post registration education and training. The international literature reported both similarities and differences between the working practices of health visitors in the UK and public health nurses worldwide. Challenges related to the education of each were identified. ConclusionsThe breadth and scope of knowledge, skills and abilities required by health visitors makes a review of current educational provision desirable. Three potential models for health visitor education are described.

AB - Objectives This paper draws on a narrative review of the literature, commissioned to support the Health Visitor Implementation Plan (DH, 2011a), and aimed at identifying messages about the knowledge, skills and abilities needed by health visitors to work within the current system of health care provision. Design The scoping study and narrative review used three complementary approaches: a broad search, a structured search and a seminal paper search to identify empirical papers from the health visitor literature for review. The key inclusion criteria were messages of relevance for practice. Data Sources 378 papers were reviewed. These included empirical papers from the United Kingdom (UK) from 2004 – February 2012, older research identified in the seminal paper search and international literature from 2000- January 2016. Review Methods The review papers were read by members of the multi-disciplinary research team which included health visitor academics, social scientists and a clinical psychologist managed the international literature. Thematic content analysis was used to identify main messages. These were tabulated and shared between researchers in order to compare emergent findings and to confirm dominant themes. Results The analysis identified an ‘orientation to practice’ based on salutogenesis (health creation), human valuing (person-centred care) and viewing the person in situation (human ecology) as the aspirational core of health visitors' work. This was realised through home visiting, needs assessment and relationship formation at different levels of service provision. A wide range of knowledge, skills and abilities were required, including knowledge of health as a process and skills in engagement, building trust and making professional judgments. These are currently difficult to impart within a 45 week health visitor programme and are facilitated through ad hoc post registration education and training. The international literature reported both similarities and differences between the working practices of health visitors in the UK and public health nurses worldwide. Challenges related to the education of each were identified. ConclusionsThe breadth and scope of knowledge, skills and abilities required by health visitors makes a review of current educational provision desirable. Three potential models for health visitor education are described.

KW - Health visitor practice

KW - Health visitor education

KW - Narrative review

KW - Knowledge, skills and abilities

KW - Public health nurse

KW - International

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84976475818&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007

DO - 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.007

M3 - Article

VL - 44

JO - Nurse Education Today

JF - Nurse Education Today

SN - 0260-6917

ER -

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