Hemodynamic Determinants of Elevated Blood Pressure and Hypertension in the Middle to Older-Age UK Population: A UK Biobank Imaging Study

Ye Li, Emily Chan, Esther Puyol-Antón, Bram Ruijsink, Marina Cecelja, Andrew P. King, Reza Razavi, Phil Chowienczyk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increased systemic vascular resistance and, in older people, reduced aortic distensibility, are thought to be the hemodynamic determinants of primary hypertension but cardiac output could also be important. We examined the hemodynamics of elevated blood pressure and hypertension in the middle to older-aged UK population participating in the UK Biobank imaging studies. METHODS: Cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance, and aortic distensibility were measured from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in 31 112 (distensibility in 21 178) participants (46.3% male, mean age±SD 63±7 years). Body composition including visceral adipose tissue volume and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue volume were measured in 19 645 participants. RESULTS: Participants with higher blood pressure had higher cardiac output (higher by 17.9±26.6% in hypertensive compared with those with optimal blood pressure) and higher systemic vascular resistance (higher by 11.4±27.9% in hypertensive compared with those with optimal blood pressure). These differences were little changed after adjustment for body size and adiposity. The contribution of cardiac output relative to systemic vascular resistance was more marked in younger compared with older subjects. Aortic distensibility decreased with age and was lower in participants with higher compared with lower blood pressure but with a greater difference in younger compared with older subjects. CONCLUSIONS: In the middle to older-aged UK population, cardiac output plays an important role in contributing to elevated mean arterial blood pressure, particularly in younger compared with older subjects. Reduced aortic distensibility contributes to a rise in pulse pressure and systolic blood pressure at all ages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2473-2484
Number of pages12
JournalHypertension
Volume80
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • aortic distensibility
  • blood pressure
  • cardiac output
  • hemodynamic
  • hypertension
  • systemic vascular resistance

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