High-Resolution Feature Based Central Venous Catheter Tip Detection Network in X-ray Images

Yuhan Wang, Hak-Keung Lam, Zeng-Guang Hou, Rui-Qi Li, Xiao-Liang Xie, Shi-Qi Liu

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Abstract

Hospital patients can have catheters and lines inserted during the course of their admission to give medicines for the treatment of medical issues, especially the central venous catheter (CVC). However, malposition of CVC will lead to many complications, even death. Clinicians always detect the malposition based on position detection of CVC tip via X-ray images. To reduce the workload of the clinicians and the percentage of malposition occurrence, we propose an automatic catheter tip detection framework based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). The proposed framework contains three essential components which are modified HRNet, segmentation supervision module, and deconvolution module. The modified HRNet can retain high-resolution features from start to end, ensuring the maintenance of precise information from the X-ray images. The segmentation supervision module can alleviate the presence of other line-like structures such as the skeleton as well as other tubes and catheters used for treatment. In addition, the deconvolution module can further increase the feature resolution on the top of the highest-resolution feature maps in the modified HRNet to get a higher-resolution heatmap of the catheter tip. A public CVC Dataset is utilized to evaluate the performance of the proposed framework. The results show that the proposed algorithm offer- ing a mean Pixel Error of 4.11 outperforms three comparative methods (Ma’s method, SRPE method, and LCM method). It is demonstrated to be a promising solution to precisely detect the tip position of the catheter in X-ray images.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102876
JournalMedical Image Analysis
Volume88
Early online date26 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

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