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High-order based revelation of bifurcation of novel Schatz-inspired metamorphic mechanisms using screw theory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xi Kang, Huijuan Feng, Jian S. Dai, Haoyong Yu

Original languageEnglish
Article number103931
JournalMechanism and Machine Theory
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

King's Authors


The revelation of mechanism bifurcation is essential in the design and analysis of reconfigurable mechanisms. The first- and second-order based methods have successfully revealed the bifurcation of mechanisms. However, they fail in the novel Schatz-inspired metamorphic mechanisms presented in this paper. Here, we present the third- and fourth-order based method for their bifurcation revelation using screw theory. Based on the constraint equations derived from the first- and second-order kinematics, only one linearly independent relationship between joint angular velocities at the singular configuration of the new mechanism can be generated, which means the bifurcation cannot be revealed in this way. Therefore, we calculate constraint equations from the third- and fourth-order kinematics, and attain two linearly independent relationships between joint angular accelerations at the same singular configuration that correspond to different curvatures of the kinematic curves of two motion branches in the configuration space. Moreover, motion branches in Schatz-inspired metamorphic mechanisms are demonstrated.

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