HIV-1 and interferons: who's interfering with whom?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

215 Citations (Scopus)


The ability of interferons (IFNs) to inhibit HIV-1 replication in cell culture models has long been recognized, and the therapeutic administration of IFNα to HIV-1-infected patients who are not receiving antiretroviral therapy produces a clear but transient decrease in plasma viral load. Conversely, studies of chronic HIV-1 infection in humans and SIV-infected animal models of AIDS show positive correlations between elevated plasma levels of IFNs, increased expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs), biomarkers of inflammation and disease progression. In this Review, we discuss the evidence that IFNs can control HIV-1 replication in vivo and debate the controversial role of IFNs in promoting the pathological sequelae of chronic HIV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-413
Number of pages11
JournalNature Reviews Microbiology
Issue number7
Early online date27 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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