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Abstract

We determined the efficacy of self-administered subcutaneous mini-dose gluca-gon (MDG) to treat fasting-induced hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes (T1D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a 4-week randomized, controlled crossover trial of 2-week MDG or 2-week oral glucose tablets (OG, control) involving 17 adults with T1D during Ramadan. RESULTS Compared with OG, MDG demonstrated a significant higher change in blood glucose from baseline to 30 min (∆ t30, P < 0.001) and 1 h (∆ t60, P = 0.02). The efficacy of MDG was preserved following ≥8 h fasting with significantly higher ∆ t30 in MDG (P = 0.01). Over the entire 2 weeks, MDG period had increased time in 70–180 mg/dL (P = 0.009) and less time <70 mg/dL (P = 0.04). MDG use resulted in higher completion of fasts compared with OG (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS MDG administration is an effective alternative to OG for prevention and treatment of fasting-induced hypoglycemia, offering improved glycemic control and promoting successful completion of prolonged fasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)990-993
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume45
Issue number4
Early online date17 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

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