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Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago

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Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago. / Groucutt, Huw S.; Grün, Rainer; Zalmout, Iyad A.S.; Drake, Nick A.; Armitage, Simon J.; Candy, Ian; Clark-Wilson, Richard; Louys, Julien; Breeze, Paul S.; Duval, Mathieu; Buck, Laura T.; Kivell, Tracy L.; Pomeroy, Emma; Stephens, Nicholas B.; Stock, Jay T.; Stewart, Mathew; Price, Gilbert J.; Kinsley, Leslie; Sung, Wing Wai; Alsharekh, Abdullah; Al-Omari, Abdulaziz; Zahir, Muhammad; Memesh, Abdullah M.; Abdulshakoor, Ammar J.; Al-Masari, Abdu M.; Bahameem, Ahmed A.; Al Murayyi, Khaled M.S.; Zahrani, Badr; Scerri, Eleanor L.M.; Petraglia, Michael D.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 2, 05.2018, p. 800–809.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Groucutt, HS, Grün, R, Zalmout, IAS, Drake, NA, Armitage, SJ, Candy, I, Clark-Wilson, R, Louys, J, Breeze, PS, Duval, M, Buck, LT, Kivell, TL, Pomeroy, E, Stephens, NB, Stock, JT, Stewart, M, Price, GJ, Kinsley, L, Sung, WW, Alsharekh, A, Al-Omari, A, Zahir, M, Memesh, AM, Abdulshakoor, AJ, Al-Masari, AM, Bahameem, AA, Al Murayyi, KMS, Zahrani, B, Scerri, ELM & Petraglia, MD 2018, 'Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago', Nature Ecology and Evolution, vol. 2, pp. 800–809. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2

APA

Groucutt, H. S., Grün, R., Zalmout, I. A. S., Drake, N. A., Armitage, S. J., Candy, I., Clark-Wilson, R., Louys, J., Breeze, P. S., Duval, M., Buck, L. T., Kivell, T. L., Pomeroy, E., Stephens, N. B., Stock, J. T., Stewart, M., Price, G. J., Kinsley, L., Sung, W. W., ... Petraglia, M. D. (2018). Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2, 800–809. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2

Vancouver

Groucutt HS, Grün R, Zalmout IAS, Drake NA, Armitage SJ, Candy I et al. Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2018 May;2:800–809. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2

Author

Groucutt, Huw S. ; Grün, Rainer ; Zalmout, Iyad A.S. ; Drake, Nick A. ; Armitage, Simon J. ; Candy, Ian ; Clark-Wilson, Richard ; Louys, Julien ; Breeze, Paul S. ; Duval, Mathieu ; Buck, Laura T. ; Kivell, Tracy L. ; Pomeroy, Emma ; Stephens, Nicholas B. ; Stock, Jay T. ; Stewart, Mathew ; Price, Gilbert J. ; Kinsley, Leslie ; Sung, Wing Wai ; Alsharekh, Abdullah ; Al-Omari, Abdulaziz ; Zahir, Muhammad ; Memesh, Abdullah M. ; Abdulshakoor, Ammar J. ; Al-Masari, Abdu M. ; Bahameem, Ahmed A. ; Al Murayyi, Khaled M.S. ; Zahrani, Badr ; Scerri, Eleanor L.M. ; Petraglia, Michael D. / Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2018 ; Vol. 2. pp. 800–809.

Bibtex Download

@article{b96822e2bbb04177b1011cfcc1c4bb4f,
title = "Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago",
abstract = "Understanding the timing and character of the expansion of Homo sapiens out of Africa is critical for inferring the colonization and admixture processes that underpin global population history. It has been argued that dispersal out of Africa had an early phase, particularly ~130–90 thousand years ago (ka), that reached only the East Mediterranean Levant, and a later phase, ~60–50 ka, that extended across the diverse environments of Eurasia to Sahul. However, recent findings from East Asia and Sahul challenge this model. Here we show that H. sapiens was in the Arabian Peninsula before 85 ka. We describe the Al Wusta-1 (AW-1) intermediate phalanx from the site of Al Wusta in the Nefud desert, Saudi Arabia. AW-1 is the oldest directly dated fossil of our species outside Africa and the Levant. The palaeoenvironmental context of Al Wusta demonstrates that H. sapiens using Middle Palaeolithic stone tools dispersed into Arabia during a phase of increased precipitation driven by orbital forcing, in association with a primarily African fauna. A Bayesian model incorporating independent chronometric age estimates indicates a chronology for Al Wusta of ~95–86 ka, which we correlate with a humid episode in the later part of Marine Isotope Stage 5 known from various regional records. Al Wusta shows that early dispersals were more spatially and temporally extensive than previously thought. Early H. sapiens dispersals out of Africa were not limited to winter rainfall-fed Levantine Mediterranean woodlands immediately adjacent to Africa, but extended deep into the semi-arid grasslands of Arabia, facilitated by periods of enhanced monsoonal rainfall.",
author = "Groucutt, {Huw S.} and Rainer Gr{\"u}n and Zalmout, {Iyad A.S.} and Drake, {Nick A.} and Armitage, {Simon J.} and Ian Candy and Richard Clark-Wilson and Julien Louys and Breeze, {Paul S.} and Mathieu Duval and Buck, {Laura T.} and Kivell, {Tracy L.} and Emma Pomeroy and Stephens, {Nicholas B.} and Stock, {Jay T.} and Mathew Stewart and Price, {Gilbert J.} and Leslie Kinsley and Sung, {Wing Wai} and Abdullah Alsharekh and Abdulaziz Al-Omari and Muhammad Zahir and Memesh, {Abdullah M.} and Abdulshakoor, {Ammar J.} and Al-Masari, {Abdu M.} and Bahameem, {Ahmed A.} and {Al Murayyi}, {Khaled M.S.} and Badr Zahrani and Scerri, {Eleanor L.M.} and Petraglia, {Michael D.}",
year = "2018",
month = may,
doi = "10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "800–809",
journal = "Nature Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "Springer Nature",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago

AU - Groucutt, Huw S.

AU - Grün, Rainer

AU - Zalmout, Iyad A.S.

AU - Drake, Nick A.

AU - Armitage, Simon J.

AU - Candy, Ian

AU - Clark-Wilson, Richard

AU - Louys, Julien

AU - Breeze, Paul S.

AU - Duval, Mathieu

AU - Buck, Laura T.

AU - Kivell, Tracy L.

AU - Pomeroy, Emma

AU - Stephens, Nicholas B.

AU - Stock, Jay T.

AU - Stewart, Mathew

AU - Price, Gilbert J.

AU - Kinsley, Leslie

AU - Sung, Wing Wai

AU - Alsharekh, Abdullah

AU - Al-Omari, Abdulaziz

AU - Zahir, Muhammad

AU - Memesh, Abdullah M.

AU - Abdulshakoor, Ammar J.

AU - Al-Masari, Abdu M.

AU - Bahameem, Ahmed A.

AU - Al Murayyi, Khaled M.S.

AU - Zahrani, Badr

AU - Scerri, Eleanor L.M.

AU - Petraglia, Michael D.

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Understanding the timing and character of the expansion of Homo sapiens out of Africa is critical for inferring the colonization and admixture processes that underpin global population history. It has been argued that dispersal out of Africa had an early phase, particularly ~130–90 thousand years ago (ka), that reached only the East Mediterranean Levant, and a later phase, ~60–50 ka, that extended across the diverse environments of Eurasia to Sahul. However, recent findings from East Asia and Sahul challenge this model. Here we show that H. sapiens was in the Arabian Peninsula before 85 ka. We describe the Al Wusta-1 (AW-1) intermediate phalanx from the site of Al Wusta in the Nefud desert, Saudi Arabia. AW-1 is the oldest directly dated fossil of our species outside Africa and the Levant. The palaeoenvironmental context of Al Wusta demonstrates that H. sapiens using Middle Palaeolithic stone tools dispersed into Arabia during a phase of increased precipitation driven by orbital forcing, in association with a primarily African fauna. A Bayesian model incorporating independent chronometric age estimates indicates a chronology for Al Wusta of ~95–86 ka, which we correlate with a humid episode in the later part of Marine Isotope Stage 5 known from various regional records. Al Wusta shows that early dispersals were more spatially and temporally extensive than previously thought. Early H. sapiens dispersals out of Africa were not limited to winter rainfall-fed Levantine Mediterranean woodlands immediately adjacent to Africa, but extended deep into the semi-arid grasslands of Arabia, facilitated by periods of enhanced monsoonal rainfall.

AB - Understanding the timing and character of the expansion of Homo sapiens out of Africa is critical for inferring the colonization and admixture processes that underpin global population history. It has been argued that dispersal out of Africa had an early phase, particularly ~130–90 thousand years ago (ka), that reached only the East Mediterranean Levant, and a later phase, ~60–50 ka, that extended across the diverse environments of Eurasia to Sahul. However, recent findings from East Asia and Sahul challenge this model. Here we show that H. sapiens was in the Arabian Peninsula before 85 ka. We describe the Al Wusta-1 (AW-1) intermediate phalanx from the site of Al Wusta in the Nefud desert, Saudi Arabia. AW-1 is the oldest directly dated fossil of our species outside Africa and the Levant. The palaeoenvironmental context of Al Wusta demonstrates that H. sapiens using Middle Palaeolithic stone tools dispersed into Arabia during a phase of increased precipitation driven by orbital forcing, in association with a primarily African fauna. A Bayesian model incorporating independent chronometric age estimates indicates a chronology for Al Wusta of ~95–86 ka, which we correlate with a humid episode in the later part of Marine Isotope Stage 5 known from various regional records. Al Wusta shows that early dispersals were more spatially and temporally extensive than previously thought. Early H. sapiens dispersals out of Africa were not limited to winter rainfall-fed Levantine Mediterranean woodlands immediately adjacent to Africa, but extended deep into the semi-arid grasslands of Arabia, facilitated by periods of enhanced monsoonal rainfall.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045114677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2

DO - 10.1038/s41559-018-0518-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85045114677

VL - 2

SP - 800

EP - 809

JO - Nature Ecology and Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

ER -

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