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How Citizens Attribute Blame for Electoral Violence: Regional Differences and Party Identification in Turkey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalSoutheast European and Black Sea Studies
Accepted/In press9 Jun 2020
Published19 Apr 2021


King's Authors


Recent work on elections in unconsolidated democracies and electoral authoritarian states has identified violence a problem that commonly afflicts electoral processes. Yet there is as yet little understanding of citizen reactions to violent acts and how voters attribute blame for attacks, intimidation, forceful obstruction of campaign activities and other violations of electoral peace. This paper aims to add to the growing micro-level literature on the dynamics of electoral violence by providing evidence of factors that shape regional heterogeneity in reactions to this phenomenon. Taking as our frame of reference the 2018 Turkish presidential elections, we probe the role of party identification and region of residence in conditioning blame attribution, separately and in combination. We find that the process of blame attribution is shaped by party identification, but that this effect is highly dependent on the regional context.

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