How did consumers react to the COVID-19 pandemic over time?

George Kapetanios, Nora Neuteboom, Feiko Ritsema, Alexia Ventouri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) have been the key policy instrument utilized to contain the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper disentangles the effects of NPIs from that of the virus and looks at the specific channels through which the virus impacts consumption. Using geo-located transaction data, we find that consumers' behaviour towards the virus has explanatory power for the drop in consumption in the early stages of the pandemic. This effect disappears in the later stages of the pandemic, suggesting that consumers have adapted their behaviour. As the COVID-19 pandemic progressed, consumers tended to make ‘safer’ consumption decisions, by avoiding crowded places.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-993
Number of pages33
JournalOXFORD BULLETIN OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

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