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How representative are colorectal, lung, breast and prostate cancer patients responding to the National Cancer Patient Experience Survey (CPES) of the cancer registry population in England? A population-based case control study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number034344
Pages (from-to)e034344
Number of pages11
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number12
Published16 Dec 2019

King's Authors


Objective To assess the representativeness of National Cancer Patient Experience Survey (CPES) responders compared with the English cancer registry population in term of age, sex, socioeconomic deprivation, ethnicity, disease stage and median survival. Design Population-based case-control study. Setting England. Population We identified 103 186 colorectal, lung, breast and prostate cancer patients responding to at least one survey during 2010-2014 and randomly selected one non-responder from the cancer registry matched on cancer type and yearly quarter of diagnosis. Main outcome measure We compared age, sex, socioeconomic deprivation, ethnicity and disease stage between the two groups using logistic regression. We also compared survival (in years) using the Mann-Whitney test. Results Across all cancer types survey responders were younger, more likely to have a White ethnic background, to be resident in less deprived areas and diagnosed with earlier stage disease although they varied between cancers. Median survival for responders was also higher than for the cancer registry population (colorectal: 4.8 vs 3.2; lung: 2.0 vs 0.3; breast: 5.7 vs 5.4; and prostate: 5.7 vs 5.2 years; all p-values<0.001). Conclusion CPES responders with the four most common cancers do not necessarily represent all patients with these cancers in terms of demographic characteristics and tumour stage at diagnosis. These limitations should be considered when interpreting findings. To capture the experiences of patients currently underrepresented in CPES, different approaches may need to be taken.

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