Human peritoneal mesothelial cells display phagocytic and antigen-presenting functions to contribute to intraperitoneal immunity

Tanya J Shaw, Xiang Yi Zhang, David Algernon Robertson, Patricia A. Lovell, Angus G Dalgleish, Desmond PJ Barton

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Abstract

Mesothelial cells lining the peritoneal cavity are strategically positioned to respond to and counter intraperitoneal infections, cancer cells, and other challenges. We have investigated human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) for phagocytic activity, expression of surface Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Class II and accessory molecules involved in antigen presentation, and the ability to present recall antigens to T cells. Phagocytosis of dextran, latex beads and Escherichia coli was observed by flow cytometry, and internalization was visualised using confocal and electron microscopy. Flow cytometry and/or cellular ELISA showed constitutive expression of ICAM-I, LFA-3, and B7-1, but not B7-2 or MHC II. Interferon-gamma induced MHC II and ICAM-1 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Importantly, HPMCs induced autologous CD3+ T lymphocyte proliferation (3H-incorporation) after pulse with recall antigen. HPMCs equipped with phagocytic and antigen-presenting machinery are anticipated to have an integral role in intraperitoneal immune surveillance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-838
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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