Hyperglycemia attenuates acute permeability response to advanced glycation end products in retinal microvasculature

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Abstract

Increased microvascular permeability contributes to the development of diabetic retinopathy and is associated with hyperglycemia and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The isolated perfused retina preparation was used to investigate the effects of hyperglycemia (HG) on the permeability response to AGEs. Retinae were dissected from rats, and the vasculature perfused with sulforhodamine B fluorescent dye and permeability of venular capillaries was determined from the rate of decrease of fluorescence gradient across a vessel during stasis. The resting permeability was very high in streptozotocin treated and some obese Zucker fatty diabetic rats, but low in others. The permeability response to glycated albumin (which is free radical-dependent) in these animals was reduced for a range of concentrations compared to the lean controls. The effects of 15 min 25 mM glucose (HG) superfusion on the retinal microvascular permeability response to 5 microM AGE-BSA was studied in non-diabetic Wistar rats. HG itself had no effect on permeability, but reduced the response to AGE-BSA from 1.02+/-0.08x10(-6) cm s(-1) to 0.31+/-0.07x10(-6) cm s(-1). The response to bradykinin (also free radical-dependent) was not affected by HG. This suggests that chronic exposure to HG down-regulates the signalling pathways activated in response to RAGE stimulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174 - 176
Number of pages3
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

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