Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among older people in Latin America, India and China: a 10/66 cross-sectional population-based survey

Martin J. Prince, Shah Ebrahim, Daisy Acosta, Cleusa P. Ferri, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, K. S. Jacob, Ivonne Z. Jimenez-Velazquez, Juan L. Rodriguez, Aquiles Salas, Ana L. Sosa, Joseph D. Williams, Maribella Gonzalez-Viruet, Amuthavilli T. Jotheeswaran, Zhaorui Liu

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84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To estimate the prevalence, social patterning, treatment and control of hypertension among older people in the 10/66 Dementia Research Group developing country sites. Methods Cross-sectional surveys of SBP, hypertension, and hypertension awareness, treatment and control among 17 014 people aged 65 years and over in eight urban and four rural sites in Latin America, India and China. Results Hypertension prevalence was higher in urban (range 52.6-79.8%) than rural sites (range 42.6-56.9%), and lower in men than women [pooled prevalence ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.85-0.93]. Educational attainment was positively associated with hypertension in rural and least-developed sites. Age-standardized morbidity ratios, compared to USA (100), were higher in urban sites in Cuba (105), Dominican Republic (109), and Venezuela (107), similar in Puerto Rico (105), urban Mexico (99) and urban India (101), and lower in urban (75) and rural (61) Peru, rural Mexico (81), urban (91) and rural (84) China and rural India (65). In most Latin American centres, and urban China just over one-third of those with hypertension were controlled (BP
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177 - 187
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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