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Identifying signalling pathways regulated by GPRC5B in β-cells by CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome editing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-666
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number2
Early online date31 Jan 2018
Accepted/In press12 Dec 2017
E-pub ahead of print31 Jan 2018
PublishedFeb 2018


King's Authors


Background/Aims: CRISPR-Cas9, a RNA-guided targeted genome editing tool, has revolutionized genetic engineering by offering the ability to precisely modify DNA. GPRC5B is an orphan receptor belonging to the group C family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). In this study, we analysed the functional roles of the Gprc5b receptor in MIN6 β-cells using CRISPR-Cas9 and transient over-expression of Gprc5b. Methods: The optimal transfection reagent for use in MIN6 β-cells was determined by analysing efficiency of GFP plasmid delivery by cell sorting. A MIN6 β-cell line in which Gprc5b expression was knocked down (Gprc5b KD) was generated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Gprc5b receptor mRNA expression, proliferation, apoptosis, Cignal 45-Pathway Reporter Array signalling and western blot assays were carried out using Gpcr5b KD MIN6 β-cells that had been transiently transfected with different concentrations of mouse Gprc5b plasmid to over-express Gprc5b. Results: JetPRIME® was the best candidate for MIN6 β-cell transfection, providing approximately 30% transfection efficiency. CRISPR-Cas9 technology targeting Gprc5b led to stable knock-down of this receptor in MIN6 β-cells and its re-expression induced proliferation and potentiated cytokine-and palmitate-induced apoptosis. The Cignal 45 Reporter analysis indicated Gprc5b-dependent regulation of apoptotic and proliferative pathways, and western blotting confirmed activation of signalling via TGF-b and IFNg. Conclusion: This study provides evidence of CRISPR-Cas9 technology being used to down-regulate Gprc5b expression in MIN6 β-cells. This strategy allowed us to identify signalling pathways linking GPRC5B receptor expression to b-cell proliferation and apoptosis.

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