Ift88 is involved in mandibular development

Atsushi Kitamura, Maiko Kawasaki, Katsushige Kawasaki, Fumiya Meguro, Akane Yamada, Takahiro Nagai, Yasumitsu Kodama, Supaluk Trakanant, Paul T. Sharpe, Takeyasu Maeda, Ritsuo Takagi, Atsushi Ohazama*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The mandible is a crucial organ in both clinical and biological fields due to the high frequency of congenital anomalies and the significant morphological changes during evolution. Primary cilia play a critical role in many biological processes, including the determination of left/right axis patterning, the regulation of signaling pathways, and the formation of bone and cartilage. Perturbations in the function of primary cilia are known to cause a wide spectrum of human diseases: the ciliopathies. Craniofacial dysmorphologies, including mandibular deformity, are often seen in patients with ciliopathies. Mandibular development is characterized by chondrogenesis and osteogenesis; however, the role of primary cilia in mandibular development is not fully understood. To address this question, we generated mice with mesenchymal deletions of the ciliary protein, Ift88 (Ift88fl/fl;Wnt1Cre). Ift88fl/fl;Wnt1Cre mice showed ectopic mandibular bone formation, whereas Ift88 mutant mandible was slightly shortened. Meckel's cartilage was modestly expanded in Ift88fl/fl;Wnt1Cre mice. The downregulation of Hh signaling was found in most of the mesenchyme of Ift88 mutant mandible. However, mice with a mesenchymal deletion of an essential molecule for Hh signaling activity, Smo (Smofl/fl;Wnt1Cre), showed only ectopic mandibular formation, whereas Smo mutant mandible was significantly shortened. Ift88 is thus involved in chondrogenesis and osteogenesis during mandibular development, partially through regulating Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Anatomy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • Hedgehog signaling
  • Ift88
  • mandibular bone
  • Meckel's cartilage


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