Il fenomeno della migrazione degli specializzandi in psichiatria: una prospettiva italiana.

Translated title of the contribution: Mobility trends in Psychiatry trainees: an Italian perspective

Lia Orlando*, Francesco Altamore, Claudia Palumbo, Mariana Pinto da Costa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Summary. Background. Psychiatry has been affected by the ‘Brain Drain’ phenomenon for decades, with professionals usually migrating from lower- to higher-income countries. Whilst Italy faces a decreasing Psychiatric workforce in the near future, little is known about the factors that influence migration of Psychiatry trainees in Italy. Aim. To explore the migration tendencies of Psychiatry trainees training in Italy. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was disseminated to Psychiatry trainees in Italy. Results. The vast majority (84.2%) of the trainees had ‘ever’ considered leaving Italy, and more than half (60.4%) considered leaving the country ‘now’. Only a quarter (25.3%) had taken ‘practical steps’ towards migration. Male trainees were more likely to have ‘ever’ considered leaving Italy. Trainees without children were more likely to have ‘ever’ considered leaving and more likely to consider leaving ‘now’. More southern Italian trainees were considering leaving the country ‘now’ compared to those from the centre-north. ‘Academic’ and ‘work’ reasons were the two most cited factors given both as a reason for wanting to leave Italy and as conditions that should be improved in the country. The main reason cited to remain in the country was personal. Conclusions. Several Psychiatry trainees in Italy consider migration as a possibility, mainly driven by work and academic reasons. The main factor keeping trainees in Italy was personal reasons. Highlighting the reasons why trainees leave is crucial to facing these issues and either finding ways to encourage trainees to remain or finding other solutions for the medical shortage.

Translated title of the contributionMobility trends in Psychiatry trainees: an Italian perspective
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)190-197
Number of pages8
JournalRivista Di Psichiatria
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Brain Drain
  • Italy
  • medical shortage
  • migration
  • psychiatry trainees


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