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Image Data Analysis for Quantifying Scar Transmurality in MRI phantoms for Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy

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Rashed Karim, Maria Panayiotou, Onik Chowdhury, R James Housden, Sana Hummady, Daniel Toth, Tanja Kurzendorfer, Peter Mountney, Kawal Rhode

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Abstract

The use of implantable cardiac devices has increased in the last 30 years. Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is a procedure which involves implanting a coin sized pacemaker for reversing heart failure. The pacemaker electrode leads are implanted into cardiac myocardial tissue. The optimal site for implantation is highly patient-specific. Most implanters use empirical placement of the lead. One region identified to have a poor response rate are myocardial tissue with transmural scar. Studies that precisely measure transmurality of scar tissue in the left ventricle (LV) are few. Most studies lack proper validation of their transmurality measurement technique. This study presents an image analysis technique for computing scar transmurality from late-gadolinium enhancement MRI. The technique is validated using phantoms under a CRT image guidance system. The study concludes that scar transmurality can be accurately measured in certain situations and validation with phantoms is important.

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