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Images as drivers of progress in cardiac computational modelling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pablo Lamata de la Orden, Ramón Casero, Valentina Carapella, Steve A Niederer, Martin J Bishop, Jürgen E Schneider, Peter Kohl, Vicente Grau

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-212
Number of pages15
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Volume115
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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Abstract

Computational models have become a fundamental tool in cardiac research. Models are evolving to cover multiple scales and physical mechanisms. They are moving towards mechanistic descriptions of personalised structure and function, including effects of natural variability. These developments are underpinned to a large extent by advances in imaging technologies. This article reviews how novel imaging technologies, or the innovative use and extension of established ones, integrate with computational models and drive novel insights into cardiac biophysics. In terms of structural characterization, we discuss how imaging is allowing a wide range of scales to be considered, from cellular levels to whole organs. We analyse how the evolution from structural to functional imaging is opening new avenues for computational models, and in this respect we review methods for measurement of electrical activity, mechanics and flow. Finally, we consider ways in which combined imaging and modelling research is likely to continue advancing cardiac research, and identify some of the main challenges that remain to be solved.

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