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Imaging of Metabolic Bone Diseases: The Spine View, Part II

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Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Amanda Isaac, Danoob Dalili, Anastasia Fotiadou, Eleni P. Kariki, Jan S. Kirschke, Christian R. Krestan, Carmelo Messina, Edwin H.G. Oei, Catherine M. Phan, Mahesh Prakash, Nuran Sabir, Alberto Tagliafico, Francisco Aparisi, Thomas Baum, Thomas M. Link, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alberto Bazzocchi

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-500
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Published14 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

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King's Authors


Metabolic bone diseases comprise a wide spectrum. Osteoporosis, the most frequent, characteristically involves the spine, with a high impact on health care systems and on the morbidity of patients due to the occurrence of vertebral fractures (VFs).Part II of this review completes an overview of state-of-the-art techniques on the imaging of metabolic bone diseases of the spine, focusing on specific populations and future perspectives. We address the relevance of diagnosis and current status on VF assessment and quantification. We also analyze the diagnostic techniques in the pediatric population and then review the assessment of body composition around the spine and its potential application. We conclude with a discussion of the future of osteoporosis screening, through opportunistic diagnosis and the application of artificial intelligence.

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