Immune biomarkers: The promises and pitfalls of personalized medicine

Joanna C D Willis, Graham M. Lord*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    73 Citations (Scopus)


    Substantial progress in molecular immunology, coupled with an increasing focus on translational research and an enthusiasm for personalized medicine, has resulted in a rapid expansion in the field of immune biomarkers in recent years. In this Science and Society article, we provide a conceptual overview of the field and discuss the progress that has been made so far, as well as the future potential in the context of the scientific, logistical, financial, legal and ethical framework within which this research is being carried out and translated into clinical use.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)323-329
    Number of pages7
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2015


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