Implementation of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance to measure IgA with all coeliac screens: can an affordable solution be devised? IgA measurement in coeliac serological screening

D. J. Mac Lochlainn, R. Hira-Kazal, H. Varney, J. Maher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
359 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There has been a dramatic increase in requests for coeliac disease (CD) serological screening using IgA tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA-tTG). Recently, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has revised its guidance, recommending that total IgA should also be measured in all samples. This is justified since false negative results may occur with IgA deficiency. However, implementation of this guidance will incur considerable expense. Tests that measure IgA-tTG antibodies can detect IgA deficiency, indicated by low background signal. This provides an opportunity to identify samples containing IgA<0.2g/L, obviating the need for unselected IgA measurement. We investigated feasibility of this approach in two centres that use the EliA™ Celikey™ assay or QUANTA Lite® ELISA to quantify IgA-tTG antibodies. In both cases, total IgA correlated strongly with background IgA-tTG assay signal. Using the Celikey™ assay, a threshold of <17.5 response units achieved 100% sensitivity (95% confidence intervals 79.4% - 100%) for detection of IgA<0.2g/L, circumventing the need for IgA testing in >99% of sera. A similar principle was demonstrated for the QUANTA Lite® assay, whereby a threshold optical density of <0.0265 also achieved 100% sensitivity (95% confidence intervals 78.2% - 100%) for IgA<0.2g/L, avoiding unnecessary IgA testing in 67% of cases. These data suggest that CD screening tests can reliably identify samples containing low IgA in a real-life setting, obviating the need for blanket testing. However, this approach requires careful individualized validation, given the divergent efficiency with which assays identify samples containing low IgA.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Early online date19 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 May 2017

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Implementation of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance to measure IgA with all coeliac screens: can an affordable solution be devised? IgA measurement in coeliac serological screening'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this