Imprisoned for Terrorism: The Experiences of Inmates in Roumieh Prison in Lebanon

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This policy paper assesses the impact of
imprisonment and Lebanon’s criminal justice
system on radicalisation and violent extremism. In
recent years, the issue of prison radicalisation has
been at the forefront of policymakers’ agendas.
Concerns focus on the potential for terrorist
offenders to recruit, radicalise, or strategise
and how violence may result from their release
from custody. Various interventions have been
adopted to attempt to disengage, deradicalise, or
rehabilitate violent extremist offenders, though
the evidence base for what works is poor.
However, what is missing from these efforts is
a nuanced understanding of how imprisonment
affects terrorists – whether convicted offenders
or those held on remand. How does imprisonment
affect their attitudes towards violence and peace?
What is their experience of the criminal justice
system? This paper examines these issues. It is
based on interviews with 38 ex-prisoners from
Tripoli, Lebanon, who spent time in Roumieh
Prison for terrorism offences. It contains insights
into how prisoner attitudes and experiences can
be used to inform policy and practice regarding
how extremist offenders are managed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023

Publication series



  • Lebanon
  • islamists
  • prisons

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