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In oceans we trust: Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area

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In oceans we trust : Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. / Mallin, Marc-Andrej Felix; Stolz, Dennis C.; Thompson, Benjamin S. ; Barbesgaard, Mads.

In: MARINE POLICY, Vol. 107, 103421, 01.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Mallin, M-AF, Stolz, DC, Thompson, BS & Barbesgaard, M 2019, 'In oceans we trust: Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area', MARINE POLICY, vol. 107, 103421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010

APA

Mallin, M-A. F., Stolz, D. C., Thompson, B. S., & Barbesgaard, M. (2019). In oceans we trust: Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. MARINE POLICY, 107, [103421]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010

Vancouver

Mallin M-AF, Stolz DC, Thompson BS, Barbesgaard M. In oceans we trust: Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. MARINE POLICY. 2019 Sep 1;107. 103421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010

Author

Mallin, Marc-Andrej Felix ; Stolz, Dennis C. ; Thompson, Benjamin S. ; Barbesgaard, Mads. / In oceans we trust : Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. In: MARINE POLICY. 2019 ; Vol. 107.

Bibtex Download

@article{9b2c986dcfcd400f8c64ed80a6b4da2e,
title = "In oceans we trust: Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area",
abstract = "US-based philanthropies have long contributed to environmental conservation through non-repayable donations, but some are now beginning to embrace novel investment strategies that are profit-orientated. From the vantage points of political economy and geopolitics, this article investigates the potential ramifications of this shift in funding for large-scale marine protected areas (LMPAs), which have been widely promoted to enhance marine biodiversity and manage sustainable fisheries. Specific attention is given to the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) in Kiribati, where finance from US-based philanthropic foundations is intended to support the operation and management of the LMPA and eventually compensate the government for forgone revenues from fishing licences, via the creation of a trust fund. Content analysis of key documents is conducted to empirically trace the political, legal, and financial evolution of PIPA. The findings demonstrate how, in accepting finance from philanthropic foundations, the government of Kiribati gradually relinquishes its decision-making leverage over PIPA's territory and resources. Hence, it is contended that certain legal and financial provisions could act as under-acknowledged and purposive drivers of {\textquoteleft}ocean-control grabbing{\textquoteright}. Results further reveal that achieving financial sustainability for the PIPA conservation trust fund has proven difficult, opening up discussions on the extent to which PIPA could be capitalised in other ways. More broadly, the paper engages with recent debates on for-profit conservation, ocean grabbing, and the blue economy.",
keywords = "Blue economy, For-profit conservation, SIDS, Impact investing, Environmental governance, Ocean grabbing",
author = "Mallin, {Marc-Andrej Felix} and Stolz, {Dennis C.} and Thompson, {Benjamin S.} and Mads Barbesgaard",
year = "2019",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
journal = "MARINE POLICY",
issn = "0308-597X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - In oceans we trust

T2 - Conservation, philanthropy, and the political economy of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area

AU - Mallin, Marc-Andrej Felix

AU - Stolz, Dennis C.

AU - Thompson, Benjamin S.

AU - Barbesgaard, Mads

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - US-based philanthropies have long contributed to environmental conservation through non-repayable donations, but some are now beginning to embrace novel investment strategies that are profit-orientated. From the vantage points of political economy and geopolitics, this article investigates the potential ramifications of this shift in funding for large-scale marine protected areas (LMPAs), which have been widely promoted to enhance marine biodiversity and manage sustainable fisheries. Specific attention is given to the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) in Kiribati, where finance from US-based philanthropic foundations is intended to support the operation and management of the LMPA and eventually compensate the government for forgone revenues from fishing licences, via the creation of a trust fund. Content analysis of key documents is conducted to empirically trace the political, legal, and financial evolution of PIPA. The findings demonstrate how, in accepting finance from philanthropic foundations, the government of Kiribati gradually relinquishes its decision-making leverage over PIPA's territory and resources. Hence, it is contended that certain legal and financial provisions could act as under-acknowledged and purposive drivers of ‘ocean-control grabbing’. Results further reveal that achieving financial sustainability for the PIPA conservation trust fund has proven difficult, opening up discussions on the extent to which PIPA could be capitalised in other ways. More broadly, the paper engages with recent debates on for-profit conservation, ocean grabbing, and the blue economy.

AB - US-based philanthropies have long contributed to environmental conservation through non-repayable donations, but some are now beginning to embrace novel investment strategies that are profit-orientated. From the vantage points of political economy and geopolitics, this article investigates the potential ramifications of this shift in funding for large-scale marine protected areas (LMPAs), which have been widely promoted to enhance marine biodiversity and manage sustainable fisheries. Specific attention is given to the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) in Kiribati, where finance from US-based philanthropic foundations is intended to support the operation and management of the LMPA and eventually compensate the government for forgone revenues from fishing licences, via the creation of a trust fund. Content analysis of key documents is conducted to empirically trace the political, legal, and financial evolution of PIPA. The findings demonstrate how, in accepting finance from philanthropic foundations, the government of Kiribati gradually relinquishes its decision-making leverage over PIPA's territory and resources. Hence, it is contended that certain legal and financial provisions could act as under-acknowledged and purposive drivers of ‘ocean-control grabbing’. Results further reveal that achieving financial sustainability for the PIPA conservation trust fund has proven difficult, opening up discussions on the extent to which PIPA could be capitalised in other ways. More broadly, the paper engages with recent debates on for-profit conservation, ocean grabbing, and the blue economy.

KW - Blue economy

KW - For-profit conservation

KW - SIDS

KW - Impact investing

KW - Environmental governance

KW - Ocean grabbing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060864486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010

DO - 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.010

M3 - Article

VL - 107

JO - MARINE POLICY

JF - MARINE POLICY

SN - 0308-597X

M1 - 103421

ER -

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