In-service education in trauma care for intensive care unit nurses: An exploratory multiple case study

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Abstract

Aim: This study explores the perceptions of intensive care units (ICUs) nurses with different educational backgrounds regarding their abilities in trauma care and the in-service education they receive to support it.
Background: The advanced care of patients with traumatic injuries in ICU environments requires skilled and knowledgeable nurses, who need continuing and in-service education to provide the best care. Therefore, it is essential to understand the competencies and educational support these nurses may need in the ICUs to ensure safe and effective care delivery.
Design: An exploratory multiple case study design was used, comprising three hospitals located in two different regions of Saudi Arabia.
Methods: The study was conducted between October 2021 and March 2022. A total of forty ICU clinical staff, twelve managers, nine leaders and seven clinical educators participated in semi-structured interviews, which were complemented by a review of available documents on the trauma care in-service education syllabi, competencies and protocols. Interview data were analysed according to the Framework analysis approach, while documents were reviewed using qualitative content analysis.
Findings: The data analysis revealed two interrelated categories relevant to trauma care: (i) care practice and (ii) education practice. The trauma care practice category highlighted the limited competencies and education in trauma care, as well as the perceived challenges and educational needs of nurses. The education practice category described the staff learning behaviours, supervision practices and in-service education systems in the participants' settings.

Conclusions: The study concludes that there is a lack of trauma care education at the examined sites. It suggests the need for further research to develop a theoretical foundation for trauma care education that can meet ICU nurses' educational needs while this being feasible to implement in the specific ICU context and practice.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNurse Education in Practice
Volume72
Issue number103752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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