In vitro fatigue tests and in silico finite element analysis of dental implants with different fixture/abutment joint types using computer-aided design models

Satoshi Yamaguchi, Yasufumi Yamanishi, Lucas S Machado, Shuji Matsumoto, Nick Tovar, Paulo G Coelho, Van P Thompson, Satoshi Imazato

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fatigue resistance of dental fixtures with two different fixture-abutment connections by in vitro fatigue testing and in silico three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA) using original computer-aided design (CAD) models.

    METHODS: Dental implant fixtures with external connection (EX) or internal connection (IN) abutments were fabricated from original CAD models using grade IV titanium and step-stress accelerated life testing was performed. Fatigue cycles and loads were assessed by Weibull analysis, and fatigue cracking was observed by micro-computed tomography and a stereomicroscope with high dynamic range software. Using the same CAD models, displacement vectors of implant components were also analyzed by 3D FEA. Angles of the fractured line occurring at fixture platforms in vitro and of displacement vectors corresponding to the fractured line in silico were compared by two-way ANOVA.

    RESULTS: Fatigue testing showed significantly greater reliability for IN than EX (p<0.001). Fatigue crack initiation was primarily observed at implant fixture platforms. FEA demonstrated that crack lines of both implant systems in vitro were observed in the same direction as displacement vectors of the implant fixtures in silico.

    CONCLUSIONS: In silico displacement vectors in the implant fixture are insightful for geometric development of dental implants to reduce complex interactions leading to fatigue failure.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2017

    Keywords

    • Journal Article

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