49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the utility of mechanical anisotropy (shear storage modulus parallel to fiber/shear storage modulus perpendicular to fiber) measured by combined magnetic resonance (MR) elastography and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) technique (anisotropic MR elastography) to distinguish between healthy and necrotic muscle with different degrees of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of muscular dystrophy. Materials and Methods: The experimental protocol was approved by the regional animal ethics committee. Twenty-one mdx and 21 wild-type (WT) mice were used in our study. Animals were divided into exercised and sedentary groups. Anisotropic MR elastography was used to obtain mechanical anisotropic shear moduli for the lateral gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles in a 7-T MR imager, from which the mechanical anisotropic ratio was calculated. The animals were imaged before and after 10 weeks of a horizontal treadmill running protocol. Spearman rank correlations were used to compare MR elastographic data with muscle necrotic area percentage from histologic analysis. Mechanical anisotropy in WT and mdx mice muscle were compared by using t test and one-way analysis of variance, and receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed by using statistical software. Results: Anisotropic MR elastography was able to be used to distinguish between the muscles of mdx and WT mice, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.8. Strong negative correlation (rs = −0.701; P < .001) between the mechanical anisotropic ratio and the percentage of muscle necrotic area was found. By comparing mice with no or mild (0%–5% mean necrotic area) and severe (>5% mean necrotic area) muscle necrosis, an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.964 was achieved. Diffusion parameters alone were unable to distinguish between the WT and mdx mice at any time point. Conclusion: The mechanical anisotropic ratio of the shear storage moduli measured by an anisotropic MR elastographic technique can distinguish between healthy muscle and dystrophic muscle.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-735
Number of pages10
JournalRadiology
Volume273
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

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