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Incidence of anorexia nervosa in young people in the UK and Ireland: A national surveillance study

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Hristina Petkova, Mima Simic, Dasha Nicholls, Tamsin Ford, A. Matthew Prina, Ruth Stuart, Nuala Livingstone, Grace Kelly, Geraldine Macdonald, Ivan Eisler, Simon Gowers, Barbara M. Barrett, Sarah Byford

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere027339
Pages (from-to)e027339
JournalBMJ Open
Volume9
Issue number10
Early online date22 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to estimate the incidence of DSM5 anorexia nervosa in young people in contact with child and adolescent mental health services in the UK and Ireland. Design Observational, surveillance study, using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Surveillance System, involving monthly reporting by child and adolescent psychiatrists between 1st February 2015 and 30th September 2015. Setting The study was based in the UK and Ireland. Participants Clinician-reported data on young people aged 8-17 in contact with child and adolescent mental health services for a first episode of anorexia nervosa. Main outcome measures Annual incidence rates (IRs) estimated as confirmed new cases per 100 000 population at risk. Results 305 incident cases of anorexia nervosa were reported over the 8-month surveillance period and assessed as eligible for inclusion. The majority were young women (91%), from England (70%) and of white ethnicity (92%). Mean age was 14.6 years (±1.66) and mean percentage of median expected body mass index for age and sex was 83.23% (±10.99%). The overall IR, adjusted for missing data, was estimated to be 13.68 per 100 000 population (95% CI 12.88 to 14.52), with rates of 25.66 (95% CI 24.09 to 27.30) for young women and 2.28 (95% CI 1.84 to 2.79) for young men. Incidence increased steadily with age, peaking at 15 (57.77, 95% CI 50.41 to 65.90) for young women and 16 (5.14, 95% CI 3.20 to 7.83) for young men. Comparison with earlier estimates suggests IRs for children aged 12 and under have increased over the last 10 years. Conclusion These results provide new estimates of the incidence of anorexia nervosa in young people. Service providers and commissioners should consider evidence to suggest an increase in incidence in younger children. Trial registration number ISRCTN12676087.

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